More California cardrooms are reopening as coronavirus conditions continue to improve in counties throughout the Golden State.
Towers Casino in Nevada County, the northeast part of the state, opened Tuesday for indoor gaming at 25% capacity.
Other cardrooms in the state are making do by opening outdoors, following guidelines issued by the state earlier this month. Two prominent Bay Area cardrooms, Bay101 and Casino M8trix in San Jose, recently commenced outdoor gaming.
Representatives from two early adopters of outdoor gaming spoke with PlayCA about making the transition.
California cardrooms prospering with outdoor gaming
When Stars Casino in Tracy became the first California cardroom to offer outdoor gaming on Aug. 8, CEO Emmanuel Macalino expected it to make 60% to 70% of previous revenues.
To his pleasant surprise, the cardroom posted 120% of its revenue from the previous year during its first month of outdoor operations.
“Being the first to open really gave us a boost,” Macalino said. “That put us on the map. We’re one of the smaller card rooms and being able to pull the trigger on opening first really helped us with revenue.”
Most importantly, Macalino said the cardroom was able to put its full workforce back to work without any reports of a customer or employee coming down with COVID-19 since the reopening.
Brad Samuel, head of marketing for mid-sized cardrooms Stones Gambling Hall in Sacramento and Seven Mile Casino in San Diego, agreed that interest in outdoor gaming has been high since they reopened a month ago.
“It’s been busy and it keeps getting busier. There seems to have been a strong, pent-up demand with people to get out, have a bit of fun and do it safely. We feel very fortunate now to be open and be busy and have the community really embrace what we’re doing.”
Challenges of operating gaming outdoors
Moving gaming tables and setting up outdoors is the easy part. Cardrooms operating outdoors have found some difficulty dealing with the weather conditions.
Over the first month of operations, the cardrooms faced bad air from wildfires, intense heat with triple-digit temperatures, and wind. Stars shut down for a couple of days when the smoke level got high.
It also strategically placed windbreakers to block the winds that can reach 20 to 30 miles per hour.
Seven Mile Casino contracted with one of the companies that does tents for the Oscars to provide shade. Even though they are outdoors, the cardroom also added large air conditioning units to pump in cool, fresh air to address the heat and smoke.
“The challenges of being outdoors are just purely environmental,” Samuel said. “If it’s a little extra smoky or windy, what do you do? Every day you learn something new and take it into the next day.”
Stars found some of the state guidelines on outdoor operations to be unnecessarily burdensome. Particularly the requirement to have 3-foot high barriers to keep wayward vehicles out of the gaming area while allowing for airflow.
The barriers at Stars are higher than 3 feet, but airflow isn’t an issue with the area winds.
Macalino asked cardroom attorney Keith Sharp to seek clarification on the barriers, hand sanitizing stations versus hand-washing stations, and the washing of paper chips.
Counties moving on up colored tiers
California has 58 counties. When Gov. Gavin Newsom introduced his blueprint for the industry reopening at the end of August, 38 counties were in the most restrictive purple tier. That total is now down to 25.
Cardrooms must wait until they fall into a specific tier in order to reopen indoors at reduced capacities. The tiers are based on coronavirus positivity rates in the county. There are four different color-coded tiers.
If the cardroom is in a county that reaches the orange tier (2-4.9% positivity rate), it can reopen at 25% capacity. If the county reaches the yellow tier (less than 2% positivity rate), cardrooms can reopen at 50% capacity.
Eleven counties are in the orange tier, up from eight. Over the three weeks, no additional counties have joined the three in the yellow tier that permits 50% capacity.
Stars’ San Joaquin County, Stones’ Sacramento County, and Seven Mile’s San Diego County all are far off from the orange tier. But when they do reach that level, expect the cardrooms to move indoors while continuing to operate outdoors for a larger capacity.
According to Macalino,
“We are considering a hybrid operation. A lot of our players and guests really love the outdoor setup. But I think just for practicality purposes we need to go back indoors when allowed. In California, people love the outdoors and I think having that option is great.”
This table shows which California cardrooms are open and the tiers of their counties:
|Oaks Card Club||ALAMEDA||Purple||N||N|
|Palace Card Room||ALAMEDA||Purple||N||N|
|Parkwest Casino 580||ALAMEDA||Purple||N||N|
|California Grand Casino||CONTRA COSTA||Purple||N||N|
|Nineteenth Hole||CONTRA COSTA||Purple||N||N|
|Clovis 500 Club||FRESNO||Purple||N||N|
|Club One Casino||FRESNO||Purple||N||N|
|North Coast Casino||HUMBOLDT||Red||N||N|
|Tommy's Casino & Saloon||IMPERIAL||Purple||N||N|
|Golden West Casino||KERN||Purple||N||8/12|
|Bicycle Casino||LOS ANGELES||Purple||N||10/5|
|Commerce Casino||LOS ANGELES||Purple||N||10/5|
|Crystal Casino||LOS ANGELES||Purple||N||10/8|
|The Gardens Casino||LOS ANGELES||Purple||N||10/5|
|Hollywood Park||LOS ANGELES||Purple||N||10/5|
|Hustler Casino||LOS ANGELES||Purple||N||10/12|
|Larry Flynt's Lucky Lady Casino||LOS ANGELES||Purple||N||10/8|
|La Primavera Pool Hall & Café||MADERA||Purple||N||N|
|Club San Rafael||MARIN||Red||N||N|
|Golden Valley Casino||MERCED||Purple||N||N|
|Mortimer's Card Room||MONTEREY||Purple||N||N|
|Napa Valley Casino||NAPA||Purple||N||N|
|Lake Elsinore Hotel and Casino||RIVERSIDE||Purple||N||N|
|Hotel Del Rio & Casino||SACRAMENTO||Purple||N||N|
|Folsom Lake Bowl||SACRAMENTO||Purple||N||N|
|Limelight Card Room||SACRAMENTO||Purple||N||N|
|Magnolia House Casino||SACRAMENTO||Purple||N||N|
|Parkwest Casino Cordova||SACRAMENTO||Purple||N||N|
|Parkwest Casino Lotus||SACRAMENTO||Purple||N||8/27|
|Stones Gambling Hall||SACRAMENTO||Purple||N||8/24|
|Lucky Lady||SAN DIEGO||Purple||N||N|
|Ocean's Eleven Casino||SAN DIEGO||Purple||N||N|
|Seven Mile Casino||SAN DIEGO||Purple||N||8/25|
|Casino Real||SAN JOAQUIN||Purple||N||N|
|Kings Card Club/ Westlane Cardroom||SAN JOAQUIN||Purple||N||8/26|
|Parkwest Casino Lodi||SAN JOAQUIN||Purple||N||8/24|
|Star's Casino||SAN JOAQUIN||Purple||N||8/8|
|Central Coast Casino - Grover Beach||SAN LUIS OBISPO||Purple||N||N|
|Paso Robles Casino||SAN LUIS OBISPO||Purple||N||N|
|Oceana (Brooks) Card room||SAN LUIS OBISPO||Purple||N||N|
|Old Cayucos Tavern||SAN LUIS OBISPO||Purple||N||N|
|Outlaws Card Parlour||SAN LUIS OBISPO||Purple||N||N|
|Artichoke's Joe's Casino||SAN MATEO||Red||N||9/4|
|Lucky Chances||SAN MATEO||Red||N||N|
|Jalisco Pool Room||SANTA BARBARA||Purple||N||N|
|Bay 101||SANTA CLARA||Purple||N||9/11|
|Casino M8trix||SANTA CLARA||Purple||N||9/12|
|Garlic City Club||SANTA CLARA||Purple||N||N|
|Tres Lounge and Casino||SANTA CRUZ||Purple||N||N|
|Ocean View Card room||SANTA CRUZ||Purple||N||N|
|St. Charles Place||SIERRA||Orange||N||N|
|Parkwest Casino Sonoma (The 101)||SONOMA||Purple||N||N|
|The River Card room||SONOMA||Purple||N||N|
|Empire Sportsmen's Assoc.||STANISLAUS||Purple||N||N|
|Mike's Card Casino||STANISLAUS||Purple||N||N|
|Turlock Poker Room||STANISLAUS||Purple||N||N|
|Deuce Lounge & Casino||TULARE||Purple||N||N|
|Sundowner Card Room (Visalia)||TULARE||Purple||N||N|
|Player's Poker Club||VENTURA||Purple||N||N|
|Golden State Casino||YUBA||Purple||N||N|
Los Angeles cardrooms hope to join the fun
As shown in the table above, less than 20% of California cardrooms are currently open in any capacity.
The seven Los Angeles cardrooms hope to get permission to reopen outdoors next week. The County Board of Supervisors promised to take up the issue at its meeting Tuesday, Sept. 29.
The cardrooms asked the board for permission to reopen two weeks earlier. However, Los Angeles County Public Health director Barbara Ferrer asked the board to wait until the end of the month to see if Labor Day caused a spike of cases.
Each Los Angeles cardroom filed health and sanitation plans with the Bureau of Gambling Control this week.
According to Sharp,
“Reopening is not without risks but we think with all the protocols we’ve put in place and the health standards we’ve committed to, it helps mitigate that risk. We’ll have at least two sets of inspectors coming to inspect us, from the Department of Health and the Bureau of Gambling Control, and there’s only seven of us. We want to stay in line and I’m sure the regulators will make sure we stay in line.”